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Gender Based Violence: Experience, Effects And Way Forward



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By: Jibrin Hussaini Kundum, Bauchi

Gender-Based Violence refers to harmful acts directed at an individual based on their gender which include sexual, physical, mental and economic harms inflicted in public or in private. It also includes threats of violence, coercion and manipulation. This can take many forms such as intimate partner violence, sexual violence, child marriage, female genital mutilation and so-called ‘honour crimes’. The consequences of gender-based violence are devastating and can have life-long repercussions on survivors.

Violence is a form of action that causes pain, destruction or suffering to the affected persons. All over the world, gender-based violence acts as threats to human rights and hinders the ability of the victims to contribute meaningfully to societal growth, sustainable peace and development. This is because victims of violence often find it difficult to express themselves freely or explore the talents embedded in them to make their environment more soothing, loving, peaceful and comfortable.

There is no gain saying the fact that, these phenomenon has deeply rooted in gender inequality and continues to be one of the most notable human right violations. Non Governmental Organizations like the BAOBAB foundation has it that gender-based violence can take different forms and mostly affects women and girls, which can result in physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm, depending on the society or individual being affected.

Consequently, gender-based violence takes different forms to operate within its environment thus they include: physical, sexual or psychological. Factors such as poverty, lack of education and unemployment are set to cause gender-based violence in the life of a person or a community. No matter the form of gender-based violence, it leaves several short and long-term implications for victims which prevents them from contributing actively to the promotion of sustainable peace and development.

Stakeholders particularly Non Governmental Organizations such as the Bauchi State Sexual Assault Referral Center, according to the founder of the Organization Hajiya Hadiza Muhammad from February to November 2023, it has received 200 case of Gender Based Violence mostly from the rural areas.

Another foundation, Ikra Youth and Women Group said it has received 500 cases of GBV and 100 out of the number are rape from Toro, Alkaleri and Katagum across Bauchi State in 2023, this is according to the director of the group Amina Garuba Ahmad as published by a national daily on 15 October 2023.

In 2021, 40 year old man has been arrested for allegedly rapping four year old girl in side Mosque in Igbo quarters Aminu street Bauchi. Malam Jamilu Abdullahi, Father of the victim,
“I lived in Igbo quarters, Bauchi,now living in Unguwar Sarakuna. My daughter who was the victim of the rape is Hauwa’u Jamilu , when the ugly trend happened, she was six years and now 9 years, “I was not at home went for livelihood and the mother of the victim, they called me and informed on the matter ,the people of my area took action. I am called on people to desist from discrimination to the people who were affected by such accident. I felt discourage and deep concern on the matter,with this I want to called on parents to be extra careful and monitor the affairs of their children to disassociate them from bad eggs. One of the reason why I changed my place of living is to protect my daughter from the discrimination, people in my old area describing the victim somehow.

GVB and experience:
According to Jamilu Abdullahib Bauchi State government,under the office of the first , deserved a wonderful commendation, because , she took the baby to the hospital for necessary medication, people like member representing Bauchi at the State house of assembly and Speaker of the house and other leaders ,I knowledge their contribution in the crusade.

Way forward : Relevant groups, local authorities, partners, and donors as well as concerned individuals such as Saving the Future Girls Initiative, Way forward to North-East Youth, Ward Head of Gwallaga in Bauchi metropolis and Doctor Hamza Abubakar Hussaini From the department of Islamic , faculty of art and social science, Federal University Kashere, Gombe state, Barrister Mu’azu, a Bauchi based lawyer, relevant groups and concerned individuals such as Saving the Future Girls Initiative, Way forward to North-East Youth, Ward Head of Gwallaga in Bauchi metropolis and Doctor Hamza Abubakar Hussaini From the department of Islamic , faculty of art and social science, Federal University Kashere, Gombe state, Barrister Mu’azu, a Bauchi based lawyer, said that GBV has been increasingly recognized as a grave challenge for public health, development and a violation of human rights and opined that the government should create facilities that would help women experiencing Gender Based Violence such as counselling centers, funds that will help victims get rehabilitated and invest in institutions like Police and the judiciary so that victims are assisted, the community should also establish community social structures such as community groups of both men and women provide a sensitization platform for people to share experiences related GBV.

Police as a law established agency, has a better role to play in the fight against gender-based Violence because, it has recorded at least 202 cases of sex and gender-based violence in 2022 according to the force Public Relations Officer Ahmed Wakili and also arrested a total of 326 suspected SGBV offenders in connection with the recorded crimes.

The police, according to the spokesperson, had in 2020 recorded 149 rape cases and other related offences and was able to arrest at least 257 suspects in connection with the cases.

Worried by the rising trends of sex-related offences, he said the command intensified “fight against the menace” which led to the decrease in the number of reported cases in Bauchi state.

The police said the drastic decrease in the number of cases this year was because of the intensive awareness creation and the command’s rigorous effort to prosecute offenders, adding that the command had set up an SGBV desk in all the Divisional Police headquarters as well as the four area commands in the state.

This story is supported by BAOBAB for Women’s Human Right, under the 2023 SGBV Media Fellowship Project.

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The New Fawn At The National Lottery Trust Fund




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Throughout history, no institution has achieved any substantial leap without a leadership vision and strategic thinking because no amount of whimsical, unplanned and hurriedly re-actional actions or even inactions can Trump an excellent and well articulated plan judiciously executed for the national benefits”- Unanimous.

This is very true about the National Lottery Trust Fund under the leadership of it’s executive secretary, Dr.Bello Maigari, who has done everything possible in reforming the interventionist agency and changing its narratives so that it can achieve it’s mandates. It is therefore not surprising to hear many analysts and public commentators say that indeed there is a new dawn at the agency. The National Lottery Trust Fund an interventionist agency under the Federal Ministry of Special Duties and intergovernmental Affairs was created to help use the proceed of the funds accruing from the proceed of remittances to the federal government through gaming to intervene in areas of needs in the country.

Based on the prevalent knee-jerk approach to developmental interventions of the past in the country by the Federal government, the present Minister of Special Duties and intergovernmental Affairs, Honourable Zaphaniah Jisalo, and the present executive secretary of the National Lottery Trust Fund, Dr. Bello Maigari made serious efforts in reforming the agency so that it can carry out it’s mandates as prescribed in the enabling laws creating the agency so that it can truly be said to be fit for purpose in implementing it’s core mandates by touching the lives of all Nigerians positively. The agency is now working to the satisfaction of all Nigerians as there are no longer room for hunches, guess works or mere sloganeering at the agency because what we now see daily are actions bringing succour to the less priveledged in society.

Many would ask what makes the agency now working more than ever before?. The answer is quite simple, the synergy between the Minister in charge of the agency, Honourable Zaphaniah Jisalo, and the management of the agency led by it’s executive secretary, Dr. Bello Maigari are in sync and creating the leadership synergy as the needed impetus to made the agency fulfilling it’s mandates especially in the renewed hope administration of President Bola Ahmed Tinubu. The present management of the agency led by the executive secretary communicates their strategies transparently and are very ready to take responsibility for it’s outcomes as the open communications in the agency about the challenges and setbacks is helping the agency to manage public expectations and building trust in the agency by Nigerians. No wonder that today the National Lottery Trust Fund is now regarded as one of the best run interventionist agency in Nigeria because of the accountable and transparent manner it is carrying out it’s duties devoid of any sectional or political considerations. This is really a rapid departure from it’s past ways of carrying out it’s mandates to a pragmatic and systematic approach in making sure that all section and geopolitical zones in the country are treated fairly.

The National Lottery Trust Fund is intervening in every areas of needs in the country. Areas such as health, sports, education, and culture etc has felt the development in all its physicality interventions we can see and touch to the glory of the management of the agency led by Dr. Bello Maigari. The executive secretary and the National Lottery Trust Fund successes is because of the strategic actions made in implementing the present administration’s strategic plans as it regards the agency’s mandates and the policies by the Minister of it’s supervisory Ministry that from time to time, the agency would undergo a comprehensive performances assessment. This assessments involves areas covered quarterly, identifications of it’s present potential obstacles considering world class scenarios and the efforts of the management in developing contingency plans to avoid the situation where policies are not we’ll thought out and implemented to frustrate the citizens quality of life in the areas the fund is intervening based on national interests.

The strategies of the National Lottery Trust Fund is making sure is today adaptable to changing circumstances and adjusting to real time feedback’s and evolving challenges in the nation. Today, make no mistake about it, the National Lottery Trust Fund it recognizes that while optimism
and hope are essential in taking on interventionist challenges in a nation like Nigeria, but in the agency strategic actions complimented by realistic assessments based on data and realism has helped build an evidence based strategies helping it to achieve it’s mandates. The positives from this is that the agency is now once again working to the general expectations of the citizens because of its adoptions of a balanced and systematic approach in addressing it’s challenges and opportunities intervening in the lives and development of all Nigerians.

Musa Wada

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Rann: A Story Of Resilience And Hope




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Visiting Rann, a remote town in Borno state, Plan International Nigeria’s Communications Officer, Nubwa Bawuro Ibrahim found a community still struggling under the chokehold of 15 years of conflict in northeast Nigeria and the wider Lake Chad region.

Some 170 kilometres from the state capital of Maiduguri, Rann is one of many communities that have been ravaged by Boko Haram insurgents since the start of the conflict in 2009, leaving thousands dead and displacing millions from their homes.

According to UNICEF, since the start of the conflict, more than 20,000 people have been killed, more than 4,000 people abducted and 1.7 million remain displaced, most of them in Borno State.
On 14 January 2019, Rann was overrun by Boko Haram insurgents amid a general increase of attacks in the area bringing death and destruction, and forcing many inhabitants to flee across the border to the village of Bodo in neighbouring Cameroon.

Today, Rann is a place of desolation, isolation, and hardship. The realities of life in this border community are stark. Here, cars are a distant dream, replaced by the slow gait of donkeys and the tireless pedalling of bicycles, invoking memories of a bygone era.

Reaching Rann is not easy, travelling by helicopter is the only safe means of transport. The helicopter took off from Maiduguri at 11:15am, three hours later than originally scheduled due to the dusty and hazy conditions which were causing poor visibility.

This was my visit to Rann and the journey took longer than usual according to my fellow passengers who were regulars travellers on this route. The pilot had to make a number of detours due to the poor weather conditions, which kept us in the air for longer than expected.

As we approached the helipad, Rann’s desolate landscape was revealed, devoid of the characteristic bustle of a thriving community. We disembarked and ventured into the town, and the seemingly unreal situation became clear: Not a single vehicle or motorcycle in sight.

Accompanied by my colleague, Felicia, we met Musa and Babakaka, two community members who work with Plan International to implement our projects in Rann. Babakaka was my guide for the day. I asked him how we would get to our destination, he looked at me, smiled and said: “We have no car here, no tricycles. We only use donkeys.”
I took a deep breath and thought about riding on a donkey, something I have never done before even though they are found in the community I grew up in. I wondered what would happen if I were to fall and break my leg in this desolate place. Deciding against the donkeys, I went with the option of walking the long distance from the helipad to the location where the programme participants we had come to meet were waiting for us.

Setting off, the road was dusty with no respite of trees to provide shade. The determination in the eyes of my guide, Babakaka spurred me on. I checked my phone and realised there was no service; the only available mobile network was one from Cameroon. It took us 40 minutes of trekking under the hot desert sun to reach our destination.

The resilience of the Rann community, an estimated population of about 30,000 people, resonated with me through every encounter. The bustling market filled with goods from neighbouring Cameroon; the hard working determination of the mechanics mending bicycles – the fastest means of transportation here, and the eagerness in the eyes of the children to learn.

There are only two schools in Rann. One school lacks basic necessities including desks and chairs so the students have to sit on the bare floor to learn. The other school was built nine years ago but has never been used.

Despite these challenges, a beacon of hope shines in Rann. A European Commission Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection (ECHO) funded project being implemented by Plan International is helping provide access to quality education and protection services, bringing hope for a brighter future.

11-year-old Fatima is among the children who attend the only operational school in Rann. She tells me her parents cannot afford a uniform, so she goes school in her everyday clothes. Like her, most school children lack uniforms and learning materials. This makes it hard to identify those children in school and those who are out of school.

Amid these challenges, Fatima is hopeful of a better future. “I want to become a doctor so I can treat people in my community,” she says. Even in the face of insurgency, hunger crisis, and unpredictable weather, the determination of the people of Rann to thrive remains undimmed.

Through the ECHO project, which started in December 2023, Plan International is renovating the two schools and equipping them with furniture and school supplies, as well as providing students with uniforms and learning materials, and training teachers.

Humanitarian activities are difficult to implement in Rann due to the inaccessible roads which are often flooded by the release of excess water from the Lagdo Dam in Cameroon, trapping people in the town and preventing access to and from the community. The risk of attack by insurgents is also ever present.

Leaving Fatima, I make the 40-minute return walk back to the helipad with a sweet-bitter feeling.
As I fly back to Maiduguri where Plan International Nigeria’s humanitarian hub in the northeast is located, the things I saw in Rann are ingrained in my mind.

What stands out the most, was the hope in the eyes of the community members, especially the school head and students I met with. Their stories of survival are interwoven with inspiring feelings of hope. Rann’s resilience is plain to see.

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Dr Bello Maigari, Delivers NLTF Mandates Through People’s Oriented Projects




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 “ Dr. Bello Maigari, Executive Secretary National Trust Fund is one of the few most highly respected and intellectual personalities in the country saddled with the responsibility of overseeing critical government agency ”.

As an astute administrator, he has demonstrated uncommon leadership qualities through interventions in Nigeria’s critical development areas, such as the health sector.

It was harvest of pomp and pageantry from beneficiaries, where National Lottery Trust Fund projects are carried out in Nigeria as Dr. Bello Maigari, Executive Secretary delivers people’s oriented mandate as driver for social transformation.

 The professionalism and experiences of over three decades encapsulated in public service of Maigari can best be attested to by the current service delivery as crucial role in delivering citizen centered social intervention programmes, rural infrastructural development and promoting the nation’s wellbeing.

Dr Bello Maigari, OON

A recipient of an honorary Doctor of Business Administration Degree of the Joint Commonwealth University, Belize and London Graduate, Dr. Maigari 
embarked on his distinguished career at Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi where he held various administrative positions and was instrumental in implementing significant reforms, including the digitization of academic records.
 Dr. Bello Maigari, no doubt, is one of the few most highly respected and intellectual personalities saddled with the responsibility of overseeing critical government agencies, such as the NLTF

As an astute administrator, he has demonstrated uncommon leadership qualities through interventions in Nigeria’s critical development areas, such as the health sector. Also Deputy Director and later Director of Operations of the National Lottery Trust Fund between May 2011 and January 2018, he demonstrated a wonderful leadership skill and expertise in managing resources and intervention projects.

It is to his credit that all the operational policy frameworks and initiatives of the agency were developed and established. 
 Beyond his professional achievements, Dr. Maigari is known for his humble, kind and results-driven nature.  He is a firm believer in human capital development and has invested significantly in nurturing talent and fostering human resources.

Popularly known and called as ” A driver for  Renewed Hope Agenda “, Maigari has proven unequivocally his strategic ability and capacity to deliver the excellent service of National Lottery Trust Fund’s mandate prescribed by the extent law that gave birth to the agency’s National Lottery Act 2005.

Dr Bello Maigari, OON

Established in 2006, the NLTF in less than two decades played critical roles in the transformation agenda of the federal government, to renew hope and revamp Nigeria’s economy, by intervening in sports, health, education, water supply and sanitation, environment, arts and culture and heritage with attendant result.

Notably are frameworks and policy documents guidelines on how to access lottery funding for intervention projects, project management and planning, monitoring and evaluation, post-impact assessment and standard operating procedures, whistle-blower policy, scheme of service and the conditions of service, etc. 
His innovation and creativity in all facets of operations raised the profile of the agency which led to his appointment as substantive Executive Secretary in February, 2019.
Dr. Bello Maigari focused the Agency on promoting access to lottery funding for projects that seeks to bring succor to Nigerians. The Act establishing the Trust Fund makes it a self-financing Agency of Government under the direct supervision of the Ministry of Special Duties and Inter- Governmental Affairs. Pursuant to Section 35 of the Act, the agency is to collect remittances directly from lottery operators and promoters in the country, and by virtue of Section 40 of the Act apply the proceeds so collected to:
The Agency, under the able leadership of the current Executive Secretary, Dr. Bello Maigari, OON, has recorded an excellent achievement where from 2018 to date, NLTF had executed a total of 311 Good cause, Capital projects and Zonal Intervention Projects (ZIP) across the six Geopolitical zones in the country.
The projects were executed in areas of Healthcare, Water supply, Education and Sports and Environment protection programme interventions.
Following the tremendous achievement and records, in March, 2023, on account of exceptional performance and stewardship in repositioning the National Lottery Trust Fund to the number one spot on the 2022 ICPC Ethics, Integrity and Compliance Scorecard among 360 Federal agencies assessed by the anti-graft agency.
Also, in the same year, the Federal Government Bureau of Public Service Reform (BPSR ) at the end of its 2022 self and validation assessments and in-dept analysis of Ministries, Departments and Agencies( MDAs) NLTF under Bello Maigari’s administration operations, processes and system performance was 75.24 per cent.
“With such record, it emerged a Gold Level organization that exceeds expectations”, the report stated.
Attesting to his professional excellence, competence, and leadership in promoting good governance and accountability in the federal civil service the former administration of Muhammadu Buhari, promptly renewed his second tenure of office in March 2023.
As an age-old development tool for centuries, lotteries have contributed immensely to the development of infrastructure and the economy of nations around the world.

The leadership provided more than Three Hundred  projects in the area of sports, health, education, ecological and resettlement matters, among others, that impacted positively on the social, wellbeing of citizens, spread across the six geo-political zones and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.

It is obvious, that, from 2019 to date, the Fund, inline with the federal government’s agenda of promoting effective and standard healthcare services
in the country, upgraded and provided many healthcare facilities in the six geopolitical zones a face lift.

These including; provision of advanced medical equipment, including Emergency Personal Protection Equipment’s (EPPE) to many hospitals and special isolation centres across the country, is worthy of note.

History will not forget the vital role the trust fund played under the leadership of Dr Bello Maigari, in saving many lives of Nigerians during the outbreak of the dreaded COVID-19 pandemic. 

In the area of health, Maigari provided, Modern electric delivery beds at the General Hospital, Gombe, Ultrasound Machine with monitor to the General Hospital, Daura, katsina State.

Other interventions are double hydraulic delivery beds to the Primary Health Centre, Onikan, and Lagos State.

. Laboratory Autoclave machines to many health Institutions
across the country.

. Commissioning and handing over of World class medical
equipment to Primary Healthcare clinic, New Karu, in Nasarawa State.

. Supply of vital medical equipment to General Hospital, Moniya, Akinyele, in Oyo State.

Kugba Maternity and General Hospital, Agbowu, Abeokuta South in Ogun State, and the Nneto Maternity home, Abia state.

Provision of medical equipment to the general hospital Umunze, Orumba South, Anambra State.

Eja Memorial/Joint Hospital, Itigidi, Abi, Cross River state.

. Joint Hospital Amaigbo Nwangele, Imo State.

. lbakwa – Nike Health Centre, Enugu East, Enugu State.

. Provision of top-notch medical equipment to Eketube- Enyigba Primary
Healthcare, Abakaliki in Ebonyi State. 

. Provision of Medical equipment to general hospitals in Bali in Taraba state.

. Provision of medical equipment in Garaku general hospital in Nasarawa state.

Others include:  Kwoi and Kagarko Comprehensive healthcare centres in Kaduna state are among the beneficiaries of the vital medical equipment intervention.

The General Hospital in Hong in Adamawa state, which recently upgraded to a federal medical centre, and the Federal Medical Centre, Yola, now upgraded to Modibbo Adama University Teaching Hospital, are among
the beneficiaries of world-class medical equipment.

The agency has significantly recorded imperative interventions in various aspects of medical equipment to help promote all-inclusive healthcare coverage across Nigeria from 2018 till date. 

Also, NLTF donated, well-equipped Ambulances, Digital Ultrasound Machines, Digital X-ray Machines, Anaesthetics Machines, Hydraulic Operation Tables. Wheelchairs Screens Suction Machines, BP Apparatus, Stools with castor.
Blood Bank, Haematocrits Centrifuge, and sponge, Holding forceps, Standard First Aid boxes and accessories.
Blood Bank Refrigerator, Hospital beds and Mattresses, Oxygen Concentrators and Portable borne drilling machines, Dental examination head heights among others.

It also funded the building, furnishing, and equipping of an Ultra-modern mortuary Complex in Hong General Hospital now upgraded to Federal medical center, Hong in Adamawa state as well as equipping the Daura general hospital in 2022 with intensive COVID-19 ICU Treatment Center.

Dr. Bello Maigari , having realised the significance of sports as a
unifying tool in the country, the agency has fully contributed to the sports development through the provision of graded and customized  Football, Basketball, Volleyball, Taekwondo, Athletics, Badminton Lawn and Table Tennis and other sports equipment to over 3,000 schools in Nigeria.

Basically, the aim was to uplift sports at that level by ensuring that the talents, which abound therein, were harnessed for social and economic advancement of the country.

In furtherance of this objective, many Universities such as Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, University of Benin, University of Lagos, University of Port-Harcourt, university of Jos among others, have benefited from the agency’s sports intervention.

The National Sports Federation, The Nigeria Football Federation (NFF), Para-Power Lifting Federation of Nigeria, the Athletics Federation of Nigeria, Nigeria Basketball Federation, Badminton Federation of Nigeria, to mention but a few, have at one point or another benefitted from the NLTF’s

Maigari’s special plan for education is aimed to address overstretched and deplorable condition of institutions of learning in the country, already, the agency had received a number of requests from public universities nationwide who were in dire need of the agency’s support.

He noted that though the agency had no capacity to address the entire needs of the Universities, however; said the agency’s intervention would go along way in alleviating some of their needs Some of these projects, worth billions of naira, commissioned and handed over to the beneficiaries, while some are under-way upon approval as prescribed under Section 40 (a) of the National Lottery Act, 2005, undoubtedly prove NLTF’s capability to annex and prudently deploy lottery revenue to significant economic development of Nigeria.

On these remarkable achievements, the agency under the leadership of Dr Bello Maigari received significant federal government recommendations through the Minister and Parmanent Secretary, Ministry of Special Duties and Inter- Governmental Affairs, Hon. Zephaniah Bitrus Jisalo and  Mrs. Ibiene Roberts, both commended the agency for it’s monumental programme that touched the lives of Nigerians.

Of recent, federal government rated the agency’s programmes especially in the areas of Health, Sports and Education interventions that had impacted positively on the lives of Nigerians.

” Federal Government is aware of the Agency’s wonderful achievements and truly, the National Lottery Trust Fund has touched the lives of Nigerians.

” The impact you are making in terms of these good causes, is quite phenomenal because Nigerians are gaining a lot”. Permanent Secretary’s testimony confirmed.

With its consistency to quality adherence to best practices and building awareness on the value of lottery to modern life and its transformational legacy, as well as fostering understanding of the role of national lottery funding to the public.

Sourcing it fund through the national lottery, NLTF has awarded grants to applicants seeking funding for projects that transform and sustain social and economic welfare of people and communities.

These projects are helping to provide basic health-care needs in un-served and under-served areas of many communities, and also support latent skills acquisition for youths, education facilities, teaching and learning outcomes.

Today, the Fund has become a household name in Nigeria with virtually every senatorial district priding itself with one or two projects either commissioned or handed over, waiting commissioning or ongoing

Many sports federations, professional bodies and NGOs have benefitted
immensely from NLTF’ s sponsorships with outstanding results, especially in
sports, that have brought Laureates to the country.

Thus, in pursuant to Section 40 (a) of the National Lottery Act, 2005, projects by the Fund have reached every nook and cranny of Nigeria, from the remote village of llela in Sokoto State, to the creeks of Bayelsa State in the Niger Delta Region, and even up to the enchanting hills of Mambila Plateau in Taraba State.

NLTF is not exception from it globally counterparts, where Modern Lottery raise funds for development of critical infrastructure and other areas of the economy.

The NLTF, with its support to Renewed Hope Agenda of President Bola Ahmed Tinubu with the aims of transforming Nigeria, will continue to impact greatly on the society far beyond its current level, barely a few years of its establishment if the Nigerian Lottery/Gaming Industry is given the right attention by relevant authorities and favourable government policies that will engender a conducive environment for lottery operations and subsequent revenue generation in Nigeria.

The remarkable transformational leadership of Maigari is bringing new innovations and good governance in the lottery and gaming sector having implemented life-changing intervention programmes across the country deserves encomium and not condemnation.#

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